Platelet Rich Fibrin or PRF is a by-product of blood that is exceptionally rich in platelets. PRF has long been used in surgical procedures to accelerate the body’s own healing process, but it is only fairly recently that advances in technology have allowed this same technique to be used in conjunction with dental implant procedures.
The blood platelets perform several essential functions in the body, including blood clot formation and the release of growth factors that help to heal wounds. These growth factors stimulate the stem cells to produce new host tissue as quickly as possible, which is why platelet rich fibrin is so effective in the post-treatment healing process.
There are several ways in which PRF can be used in clinical implant dentistry:
Ridge Bone Grafting– The use of PRF and bone grafting procedures (ridge augmentation) has been shown to be advantageous in decreasing healing time and increasing the quality of the grafted bone.
Sinus Bone Grafting Procedures- The use of PRF has been shown to be advantageous in decreasing healing time and increasing the quality of the grafted bone in the maxillary sinus area.
Dental Implants – In some cases when dental implants are placed, PRF is used to increase healing. This is mainly indicated when bone grafting is completed in conjunction with dental implant placement.
Reasons for platelet rich plasma treatment
Safe: Platelet rich plasma application is now widely used to expedite the post-procedure healing process and is completely safe. Since the blood used comesfrom the patient’s own body, disease transmission is not a factor.
Lower Infection Risk – PRF is used overtop of the surgical site and has been shown to seal the wound away from infectious agents, lowering the risk of problems.
Accelerated Healing – PRF will increase tissue synthesis due to its growth factors, and this in turn results in faster tissue regeneration. Speedier healing decreases the risk of later infections, complications, and discomfort.
What does platelet rich plasma treatment involve?
In most PRF cases, we will collect a small sample of blood (usually through the IV line). The blood will be prepared in a special series of steps to harvest a concentrated sample of platelets. The platelets contain potent growth factors necessary to “jump start” tissue repair and regeneration at the wound site. Concentrated autologous (from your own blood) platelets contain large reservoirs of growth factors that have the potential to greatly accelerate the normal healing process, naturally. The use of concentrated growth factors is considered by many to be a “new frontier” of clinical therapy and creates a paradigm shift affecting all segments of the medical profession. \
NEW STANDARDS OF CARE
Leading clinicians in specialties such as dental, ENT, and facial plastic and reconstructive therapy routinely use concentrated platelets due to their ability to deliver a cocktail of bioactive growth factors. Growth factors that were shown to enhance the body’s natural healing process include:
Clinicians have reported that the use of growth factors from platelet rich plasma (PRP) can enhance:
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